Trigger Point Dry Needling
Trigger point dry needling (TDN), also referred to as Intramuscular Manual Therapy is a treatment for muscular tightness and spasm. These areas of tightness or spasm are commonly referred to as trigger points. Trigger points are defined as the presence of exquisite tenderness in a nodule in a taut band of muscle, and may elicit a twitch in response to pressure. Trigger points can develop from injuries, postural faults, or a disease processes.
The muscular tightness or spasm that develops from an injury or disease process can cause compression and irritation of the nerves exiting the spine and anywhere along their pathway. When the nerves are irritated they can cause a protective spasm to any of the muscles along their pathway. Care must be directed both centrally to take care of the origin of the pain and peripherally to reduce symptoms from the central compression.
What is the technique used for Trigger Point Dry Needling?
The technique uses small thin needles that get inserted into the muscles at the trigger points causing a replication of the pain referral (pattern). The muscles then contract and release. This contracting and releasing improves muscle flexibility, removes the source of irritation, promotes healing (produces local inflammation which is necessary to produce healing), and decreases the spontaneous electrical activity at the trigger points.
Who can benefit from Trigger Point Dry Needling?
TDN is used for both acute and chronic injuries or conditions. It can be used to treat issues from head to toe. Some of the common diagnoses we treat with this technique are:
- Muscle tears
- Shin Splints
- Rotator Cuff Injuries
- Tennis/Golfer’s Elbow
- Cervicogenic Headaches
- Patella Femoral Syndrome
- Carpal Tunnel
- Shoulder Impingement
- Plantar Fasciitis
- Pelvic Pain
- Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction